FAS is the leading known preventable causes of mental retardation and birth defects. Fetal alcohol syndrome is a lifelong condition that causes many physical and mental disabilities, including abnormal facial features, growth deficiencies, and central nervous system problems.
Can FAS cause mental retardation?
Today, FAS remains the leading known preventable cause of mental retardation (3). Behavioral and neurological problems associated with prenatal alcohol exposure may lead to poor academic performance as well as legal and employment difficulties in adolescence and adulthood (4).
What conditions can be associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?
People with FAS have central nervous system (CNS) problems, minor facial features, and growth problems. People with FAS can have problems with learning, memory, attention span, communication, vision, or hearing. They might have a mix of these problems.
What is the relationship between FASD and mental retardation?
Among the various possible effects of the fetal alcohol-syndrome (FAS), mental retardation can be considered the most deleterious. In animal studies, prenatal alcohol exposure has been shown to result in increased neonatal mortality, retarded cerebellar development and a significant decrease in neonatal brain weight.
What are three mental side effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?
Mental Health Problems
- Attention problems, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Conduct disorder (aggression toward others and serious violations of rules, laws, and social norms)
- Alcohol or drug dependence.
Can fetal alcohol syndrome cause schizophrenia?
Because fetal exposure to alcohol may produce brain damage, itself associated with increased vulnerability for schizophrenia, and because chronic exposure to alcohol may lead to a symptomatic schizophrenic illness, prospective study of children with fetal alcohol damage is needed to determine whether they are at …
Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a disability?
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is an alcohol-related birth disability and is the number one cause of intellectual disability in the United States. It is also the only cause of birth defects that is entirely preventable.
Can FASD cause OCD?
Additional mental health disorders and symptoms for children and adolescents with FASD include the following: oppositional defiant disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, depression, conduct disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, attachment disorder, sleep disorders, extreme aggressiveness, extreme …
Is FASD a psychological disorder?
People with FASD have higher rates of mental health concerns than those who do not have FASD. It is important to screen and diagnose people for mental health and other disorders, as they should be treated. The disorders frequently diagnosed are: Anxiety.
How does FAS affect growth retardation?
FAS is characterized by minor facial abnormalities and deficiencies of the central nervous system as well. A deficiency in prenatal growth is often referred to as an intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), a general term that refers to stunted fetal growth that may be a result of genetic or environmental factors.
Which neonatal Behaviour is most commonly associated with fetal alcohol syndrome?
Babies or children with FASDs may have: Slow fetal growth and low birth weight. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms in newborns (such as high-pitched cry, jitteriness, and seizures) Sleep and sucking problems in infancy.
Is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome on the autism spectrum?
Fetal alcohol syndrome, like autism, is a spectrum disorder. The level of severity and disability can range greatly from person to person. In addition to the autism-like traits already listed, some of the issues related to FAS include: Low birth weight.
What is the difference between FAS and FASD?
FASD is a broader diagnosis that encompasses patients with FAS and others who are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure but do not meet the full criteria for FAS.
Does FASD shorten life expectancy?
Conclusion: The life expectancy of people with FAS is considerably lower than that of the general population. As the cause of FAS is known and preventable, more attention devoted to the prevention of FAS is urgently needed.