Which of the following organs can alcohol damage quizlet?

What organs are affected by alcohol quizlet?

One organ that is particularly affected by alcohol is the liver because it is the main organ that processes alcohol. One of the liver’s main jobs is to get rid of poisons, like alcohol, that enter the body. Without the liver, you could not live.

What is the main system of the body affected first by alcohol entering the body quizlet?

From the moment you begin consuming alcohol, it has a particularly acute effect on your brain. Because a significant amount of blood is pumped through the brain, it is especially affected by alcohol when you have a high BAC. … Like other drugs, alcohol acts primarily on the nervous system.

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What are some of the harmful effects of alcohol quizlet?

With long-term use alcohol can cause chronic high blood pressure, cardiomyopathy (deterioration of the heart muscle) and other heart diseases. As alcohol moves through the blood stream it damages and kills hemoglobin cells which carry oxygen, and with extended use may cause anemia.

Which group typically reports the highest rate of heavy drinking within the past month?

Workers in the mining (17.5 percent) and construction (16.5 percent) industries had the highest rates of past month heavy alcohol use.

Which organs are responsible for alcohol absorption quizlet?

The liver is the primary organ for processing ETOH in to waste. The kidneys are responsible for waste removal. Alcohol is absorbed directly through the walls of the stomach to the blood stream. Alcohol is also “broken down” by an enzyme in the stomach- alcohol dehydrogenase.

What are 5 effects that alcohol has on the body quizlet?

The short-term effects of alcohol on the body are nausea, vomiting, dehydration, loss of judgement and self-control, reduced reaction time, poor vision, memory loss, blackout, coma, and death.

Which organ is responsible for the majority of alcohol metabolism?

Alcohol is metabolized in the body mainly by the liver. The brain, pancreas, and stomach also metabolize alcohol.

What organs help remove alcohol from the bloodstream?

The liver is the primary organ responsible for the detoxification of alcohol. Liver cells produce the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase which breaks alcohol into ketones at a rate of about 0.015 g/100mL/hour (reduces BAC by 0.015 per hour).

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Which muscles in your body are affected by alcohol first?

The muscles in your hands are also among the first muscles to be affected by alcohol, as seen with unsteadiness or shakiness, according to the University of Notre Dame.

Which type of liver disease is caused by alcohol?

Alcoholic hepatitis is an acute inflammation of the liver. There is death of liver cells, often followed by permanent scarring. Alcoholic cirrhosis. Alcoholic cirrhosis is the destruction of normal liver tissue.

How does alcohol affect the body quizlet?

Alcohol is a depressant which slows down all the major functions of the central nervous system. It can cause slurred speech, mental confusion, blurry vision, and poor muscle control. If enough alcohol is consumed, it severely impairs the functioning of the respiratory system, and can even casue breathing to stop.

What are 3 effects alcohol has on the body?

Here’s how alcohol can affect your body:

  • Brain: Alcohol interferes with the brain’s communication pathways, and can affect the way the brain looks and works. …
  • Heart: Drinking a lot over a long time or too much on a single occasion can damage the heart, causing problems including:
  • Liver: …
  • Pancreas: …
  • Cancer: …
  • Immune System:

Which of the following organs can alcohol damage?

Organs known to be damaged by long-term alcohol misuse include the brain and nervous system, heart, liver and pancreas. Heavy drinking can also increase your blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, both of which are major risk factors for heart attacks and strokes.

What are the negative effects of alcohol?

Over time, excessive alcohol use can lead to the development of chronic diseases and other serious problems including:

  • High blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, liver disease, and digestive problems. …
  • Cancer of the breast, mouth, throat, esophagus, voice box, liver, colon, and rectum.
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Which of the following has the highest rate of alcohol use?

Belarus had the world’s highest level of alcohol consumption, with 17.5 liters of alcohol consumed per capita. The country’s high level of consumption has had serious health consequences on its residents.