Very high concentrations can result in toxic effects including respiratory failure, vasodilation, hypotension, convulsions, and paralysis. Benzyl alcohol is toxic to neonates and is associated with the gasping syndrome. Benzyl alcohol is severely toxic and highly irritating to the eye.
What happens if you drink benzyl alcohol?
The toxic effects of benzyl alcohol include respiratory vasodilatation, hypertension, convulsions, and paralysis.
Is benzyl alcohol toxic to humans?
Toxic effects of benzyl alcohol, including respiratory failure, vasodilation, hypotension, convulsions, and paralysis have been known for years (3-5). … Benzyl alcohol is normally oxidized rapidly to benzoic acid, conjugated with glycine in the liver, and excreted as hippuric acid.
Can benzyl alcohol be taken orally?
There are no animal toxicological data for parenteral or topical use of benzyl alcohol. However, oral absorption is close to 100%, hence recommendations for oral use are considered applicable for other routes of administration.
How Much benzyl alcohol is toxic?
Low doses (less than 800 mg/kg) produced minimal toxic effects within an initial 4-h observation period. At the end of this time, the LD50 was determined to be 1000 mg/kg for both age groups.
Is Benzyl alcohol cancerous?
Benzyl alcohol is not considered to be a carcinogen, and no data are available regarding teratogenic or reproductive effects.
Is Benzyl alcohol safe for skin?
“Benzyl alcohol is considered to be a safe ingredient in skincare and cosmetics when used on intact skin,” Krant says. … Can cause itching for some people: “As is the case for most preservatives, benzyl alcohol can, unfortunately, be an irritant and cause itching for some people,” says Krant.
What is benzyl alcohol used for?
Benzyl alcohol lotion is used to treat head lice (small insects that attach themselves to the skin) in adults and children 6 months of age and older. It should not be used in children less than 6 months of age. Benzyl alcohol is in a class of medications called pediculicides. It works by killing the lice.
What is fatal gasping syndrome?
Gasping syndrome is a life-threatening condition in neonates characterized by multi-system failure and death following the administration of benzyl alcohol, in the form of bacteriostatic sodium chloride and bacteriostatic water.
Is benzyl alcohol safe for babies?
Due to the risk of fatal toxic reactions arising from exposure to benzyl alcohol in excess of 90 mg/kg/day, this product should not be used in infants and children up to 3 years old.
Is benzyl alcohol a fatty alcohol?
Alcohols such as stearyl alcohol or cetyl alcohol are considered fatty alcohols and are non-drying. … Benzyl alcohol is also found in a number of skin care products.
Is benzyl benzoate toxic?
For benzyl alcohol benzyl benzoate (BABB) preparation, ensure all solutions are handled in glass beakers with compatible lids. BABB is toxic, avoid inhalation and contact with skin and eyes.
Is benzyl alcohol the same as alcohol?
Benzyl alcohol is fragrance and flavor material that also has preservative qualities. … Although the term “alcohol” is used in the name, it does not contain any ethanol, the volatile alcohol found in alcoholic beverages and mouthwash products, and may be present in products that are considered alcohol free.
Does benzyl alcohol show on drug test?
False Positives from Medications
The gel is applied topically to areas of the mouth. Anbesol’s primary ingredient is benzyl alcohol, which can produce a positive BAC reading.
What foods contain benzyl alcohol?
It is found in a variety of essential oils including jasmine, hyacinth and ylang-ylang, both free and as esters and is also present in cherry, orange juice, mandarin peel oil, guava fruit, feijoa fruit, pineapple, leek, cinnamon, cloves, mustard, fermented tea, basil and red sage.